Original: Ivy Labs 美国常春藤教育 5/17/2019
看点 Ivy Labs最近好消息不断，许多在waitlist（候补名单）上的学生获得转正。本文将与读者分享我们的成功经验与网络上的“反面教材”，并结合近年最新数据浅析waitlist的相关情况与趋势。
撰文 编辑 | 蔡珊妮
在申请季末这个尘埃未定之时，Ivy Labs的导师一直鼓励“被备胎”（被放在waitlist上）的同学们向各自的“女神校/男神校”发出“求爱信”（love letter），勇敢、正面地索取一个彻底的回答或承诺。并在4月21日奉上这份“备胎转正秘籍”（请戳下图进行复习）。
近年来，单个学生申请的学校数量越来越多，导致学校越来越难预测“收益率”（yield rate，即“实际入学率”=接受offer并注册入学的人数 / 发放offer的总数）。为了避免预测错误而带来的诸多麻烦，很多学校就把越来越多的申请者放到waitlist上，拓展选择空间。一旦接受offer的学生人数少于目标招生人数，学校就从会waitlist上进行选择，通过waitlist来调整学生的构成。总之，“备胎”数量越大，招生风险越小。
2015年最爱把学生放在waitlist上的10所美国大学（黄色高光的两所今年有Ivy Labs学生获得转正）。US News于2015年调查了286间美国大学，平均waitlist率为10.5%，而其中这10所大学的平均waitlist率高达37.8%。（资料来源：US News）
学校通常会根据历史数据和数学模型的计算结果来预测 “实际入学率”，并决定要把多少学生放到waitlist上、再将多少学生转正。贝勒大学（Baylor University）的招生办助理副主任Jennifer Carron举了几个例子：住在邻街、邻州、邻国和太平洋彼岸的学生，接受offer的几率是不同的；一个SAT满分、活动简历完美的学生，看起来更像是会去哈佛或耶鲁，那该校的计算机模型会显示该生接受offer的几率是15%。
南加州某学生被麻省理工学院waitlist了之后，给招生办写邮件说她刚获得了“雅典娜尖峰奖”（Athena Pinnacle Award，南加州为鼓励女性进入STEM行业而设置的奖项）等等。有个被加州大学伯克利分校waitlist的男生则给招生办发了一篇新的文章，说自己刚刚“出柜”，加入伯克利的LGBTQ社团（他列了三个）对于他来说意义非凡，并详述了自己可以作出的贡献。这两个学生最终都获得了转正。
Dear Mr. W,
Thank you for continuing to consider my application for admission on the waitlist. Enrolling at University of Xyz would culminate years of hard work, sacrifices and challenges. As an aspiring Psychology major, I dream of studying under such esteemed University of Xyz faculty as Professor B and exploring the abundant research and internship opportunities of an easily accessible downtown.
Since last communicating with the admissions office at University of Xyz, I have successfully arranged for my fellow PPP volunteers to cooperate with professors and undergraduates from the US to work on counseling for human trafficking victims. The whole session will last for four weeks, during which the team and I will be travelling to human trafficking contiguous zones within the Golden Triangle. Furthermore, we will be investigating frequency and causes of human trafficking in the area and developing countermeasures, which will be submitted to respective governments for reference.
Secondly, I have finalized my senior project, which is a continuation of the research on prevalence and psychological characteristics related to the engagement of addictive behavior that I have been doing since 2015. The project, which focuses on the diagnostic aspect of my addictive behavior research, will span four weeks with 40 hours per week. In addition, the International Congress of Psychology has accepted my abstract and hypothesis of my research on addictive behavior. I will be sharing my findings and analysis on the correlation between excessive exercising and sweet and fatty food intake. In July, I will be travelling to the 2016 ICP conference in Yokohama, which happens every four years, to present my findings to psychologists and psychology professors from my investigation over this spring.
University of Xyz remains my dream school, and I would like nothing more than to call ABC Park my new home for the next four years. Thank you for your time and continued consideration.
I want to let you know that I am taking the liberty to contact Professor P as I would like to pay a visit and avail myself of his? Perspectives.
Dear Mr P,
Thank you for reading my application and including me on the waitlist.
A year and a half ago, an Opq College alumnus from my school introduced Opq College to me and strongly suggested that I apply. It was so exciting to hear her talk about everything with passion, from professors and students to the quidditch matches. She clearly loved it. Since then, I couldn’t stop dreaming about waking up to the snowy forests of ABC. Opq College is the college I immediately felt right about.
It is at Opq College that I hope to continue my intellectual development. In 9th grade, I started learning German online. And even though my parents and teachers were strongly against “wasting time” on pursuits like this when I had exams to prepare for instead, it turned out to be the right thing to do. Learning a new language sparked my interest in linguistics, history, literature, and much more
After submitting my application, I recently finished a B2 level German course at Goethe Institut, and can finally argue well in German and enjoy musicals better. I also chose Japanese as my next target language after trying to learn others like Hebrew and Russian. In my spare time, I started collecting ideas and information with a friend to create a role playing game set in the Middle Ages. This unique approach to history has truly opened my eyes.
I also was astounded to learn that westerners and easterners teach history quite differently. As someone who studies linguistics and history I find the findings of Historian Masako Watanabe, who has studied the different ways Japanese and American students learn history lessons fascinating because they are illustrative of different cultural, cognitive and linguistic traditions.
Japanese history teachers, like most East Asian history teachers, begin with setting the scene or context of a given set of events in some detail. They then proceed in chronological order, linking a set of events to a successor, like links in a change. Japanese history teachers then ask the students to imagine the emotional and mental states of the historical figures using analogies to their everyday lives. Their actions are often explained through the lens of imagined feelings. The emphasis however remains on the catalyst or impetus of the event, and students discuss with empathy how a leader or figure might have felt and why. And “how” questions are asked at about twice the rate as in an American classroom.
Americans approach learning history differently. American teachers spend much less time setting the scene or context and instead begin with the outcome, rather than the catalyst. Thus, the chronological order of the events is destroyed with this backwards looking view of history. Thus, “why” questions are asked about twice as much in an American classroom than in a Japanese one. Watanabe considers this approach to teaching history “backwards” because events are learned in “effect – cause” order, rather than “cause-effect.” Maybe if I attend Opq College I can combine the two approaches and develop a unique and innovative third way.
Thank you again for offering me a place on the waitlist. If you need any further information and/or updates, please feel free to contact me at email@example.com. I will be more than happy to provide the materials.
When I saw your email in my inbox my heart skipped a beat!
One day in computer science class, my best friend Dora and I felt a bit bored, and began to write bits of statistics and backgrounds for a RPG character: name, age, level, hp… as well as moods and traits like being confused and talkative. Finishing the assignments a bit early gave us a lot of time to imagine our own little hero’s image, adventure, and destiny. The few minutes of brainstorm quickly snowballed into what we have right now: an idea for an adventure-RPG game set in the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages.
While Dora dug into the herbalism and alchemy, I researched the medieval life of all parts of society and regions. That was when I found my Deutschkenntnisse useful at last. Three years ago, I would have been amazed by the idea of scrambling for information on currency and living costs in early 14th century Frankfurt am Main, but there I was, trying my best to understand complex sentences meant for educated native speakers on Wikipedia, decode weird words and spellings from one of the earliest cookbooks in German speaking regions, and figure out if a word ends in “-le” or “-el” —because, let’s face it, mixing German and English spelling is dangerous.
Of course, my German skills developed fast and almost painlessly during my research. It’s simply magical to see myself beginning to understand long-winded sentences with too many commas in them and starting to catch jokes and puns from time to time!
Just a few weeks ago, as I found out I could finally understand the gist of dialogs and songs in German musicals without subtitles, I decided it was time for me to start a new adventure.
Japanese was the language I chose long ago. I was fascinated by its phonetic beauty: the perfect balance of vowels and consonants, the rises and falls of intonation, and the occasional stops that adds a crispness to the sweet mixture. Hungarian is relatively new to me, but enticing nonetheless. So many memes have warned me about the Uralic language family with it’s endless agglutination and complicated grammar, saying they are “impossible.” But I know it isn’t. And I hope for a day when I can freely navigate myself through the various rules and feel it’s true beauty.
Every new language is a new beginning for me. I can see the world through the eyes of a newborn child, gazing at every new object and hearken to every new sound with joy and excitation. I can learn about new traditions and pay respect to a different aspect of history. I can experience lives beyond my own in this infinite time and space. I love language, because after all - Scientia et Virtus.
And that’s simply wonderful.
跟踪狂型：“每三天给招生办发一封邮件，外附七封新增的推荐信的。” 凯斯西储大学招生办副主任Rick Bischoff说。